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July, January, and June
Ahmed Maher


Revolutions don’t happen other than when there is a need among the people. A revolution cannot be replicated, nor can it be fabricated, nor can one be externally designed. Therefore, July ’52 has been considered a revolution despite at its beginning being considered a military action and coup against the monarchy. But nobody denies that there was political corruption and fragile democracy before July ’52, and nobody denies that there was poverty, hunger, corruption, and iniquity.

Before July ’52, there were parliamentary elections yielding elected governments. But the king tried to dismiss it and turned against it. There was intervention from colonial forces toward a change of governments and control of Egyptian decisionmaking…

Therefore, people came out to support the military action. If not for popular support, why did it succeed and have legitimacy? And if not for the presence of real concerns necessitating revolutionary action and undertaking, why did it have recognition? As there wasn’t the darkest-black picture before 1952; there were some white blotches. There wasn’t the clearest-white picture until after 1954. Thus despite the values of social justice, national dignity, and independence, rather, under the pretext of combating a bygone regime, exceptional laws and the emergency law were enacted, along with military trials, death sentences, and prisons in which labor leaders like Khamis and Baqari were executed. In ’54 came the example-making of Sanhouri Pasha, who had contributed in his own way since ’52, through the enactment of exceptional legislation, constitutional declarations, revolutionary trials. Parties were dissolved, and then the “Massacre of the Judges.”

The January 25th Revolution wasn’t undertaken other than for objective reasons. It was the natural product of thirty yeas of corruption, tyranny, repression, monopoly of power and wealth, and the absence of justice and dignified treatment, alongside a dependency on America and total docility to American desires, as a means for cling to power and as a means for Mubarak to bequeath power to his son. So, together, we’ve suffered from corruption and the administrative failures. Together, we’ve all been through the monopoly and the absence of social justice alongside the marriage of revolution and power and the election-rigging. And together, we’ve all lived through the arrests, the torture of citizens, the fabricated charges, the killing of defendants, the absence of justice and a state of laws, the suppression of demonstrations, the dragging of protesters, and the dissolution and banning of parties. Therefore a revolution was necessary.

A popular revolution is neither reproduced nor contrived. In it, the people go out proclaiming freedom, democracy and social justice. It was possible for us to move down the right path from the beginning, implementing the current roadmap, if the military council hadn’t allied with the Muslim Brotherhood in 2011 and had insisted on the direction of the March referendum which brought us where we are now… If the implementation of the roadmap of June 30, 2013 occurred in February 11, 2011, Egypt would have been better off now and more stable, and we would have avoided the disasters which have occurred since the March 2011 Referendum.

And because of the errors of military rule in 2011, and the tyranny, foolishness, and intransigence of the Muslim Brotherhood in 2012 and 2013, a course-correction was necessary on June 30, 2013. But instead of crying over spilled milk and tongue-lashing over whom is at fault, why don’t we think of the best in building a new Egypt and avoid the mistakes since 2011, while also avoidng the mistakes since 1954? And let’s not expound upon those exclusionary, repressive, or extra-legal measures – or any measures or thoughts inconsistent with the values and objectives of the revolution – which speak of freedom, dignity, social justice, tolerance, coexistence, respect for others, and respect of differences. Absolute power corrupts absolutely.

Finally, yes, we are all against terrorism and support the police and armed forces carrying out its role in eliminating terrorism and protecting citizens. However, it is also necessary to have a state of laws.